Have you already asked yourself how many hours you dedicate to housework in a week? And you wondered how many hours men spend on them?
In the last 25 years, things have changed a lot. More and more men are engaged in certain domestic tasks that we should see not as a collaboration or aid, but as the commitment assumed by a person who integrates a family.
With this, we are not saying that engaging men more in domestic tasks take responsibility away from women. No way. Each one must assume a role and integrate the gear that involves carrying out a family and a house.
But the truth is that although more and more men participate in domestic chores, women continue to be the ones who dedicate more time to these tasks, even working outside the home.
Women work here and there.
Despite the fact that more and more women are involved in the professional activity, they still spend the most time on domestic tasks in relation to men (cleaning the house, washing clothes, shopping, administrative tasks, gardening, caring for domestic animals). At this point, women spend twice as much time as men.
While the time devoted to housework decreased for women and increased for men; the difference is still notorious. In relation to the care of children, men have also made progress. Many take care of bathing, dressing, taking them to school or are present during lunch. In any case, the time they invest in these tasks is still lower than that of women.
However, we notice that these differences increase when the number of children increases. For women, the domestic load increases in relation to the number of children in the house. Mothers of three children or more spend one hour more per day than the rest of the household or those who do not have children. For men, on the contrary, domestic work decreases when the number of children increases. The time that parents spend on children is greater but only applied to women.
Domestic chores are still very “sexist”. For women, the most repetitive and tedious tasks such as cleaning, clothing, and cooking; while for men, it is still the least repetitive work like that of some arrangement in the house or gardening. However, this specialization in the tasks was reduced in the last 10 years as women spend less time in cooking, sewing or clothing in general.
More professional, less homelike.
A particular phenomenon occurs in women who devote a large part of their lives to the professional field. These women, who usually live in large cities, devote 10 fewer hours per week to domestic tasks, in relation to others that work less or do not work. This phenomenon occurs particularly in women who reach high levels of study, work activity and who usually live alone or who have one or two children.
On the other hand, something that supports this time difference is the fact that women have decided to deliberately reduce the time they spend on clothing (almost two hours less on average per week). These women have stopped weaving, sewing or mending, something we all saw our mothers or grandmothers do. At the same time, we almost do not see anyone washing by hand while ironing, it has also stopped being imperious since many garments are made on the basis of fabrics that do not need it. Or does the washing, ironing, and sorting of clothing not take precious time?
Other tasks such as washing dishes or cooking are also reduced since many of these women do not eat at home, usually, during a meal a day, choose to buy prepared dishes or resort to home deliveries.
And what about money?
As we have seen, both men and women continue to make choices according to tradition. Why? Simply because that is how they taught us and some things are very difficult to eradicate or at least change.
Even though women have entered into working life in a strongly active way and even earn much more than their husbands, we do not see that the roles are reversed in relation to the distribution of tasks. Although there is a minimum percentage where men perform more domestic tasks than women, we see that it is simply isolated cases such as men who are unemployed or marriages that have completely opposite work schedules.
Gender norms remain predominant even in the new generations because studies indicate that girls receive early participation in household tasks and family care because we do not forget that also the care of the elderly or infirm falls on the women of the house.
Finally, we must not forget that these differences are also seen in the workplace where even in many countries, even those who call themselves “developed”, women still receive a lower salary than men despite making the same job or carry the same responsibilities.
Did you know that this figure can reach up to 25%? Yes! Women earn 25% less than men for doing the same job. In countries such as Sweden, Norway or Finland, where we see more than advanced social development, this difference continues to exist.
Even women who hold senior positions within reputable companies, continue to receive a lower salary than their male colleagues occupying the same position.
The long road of change.
How do we change consciences? Is not easy.
Achieving a level of equality in terms of the responsibility involved in carrying on a family and a house, still sounds like utopia and hard work.
In this, women must take the bull by the horns and take responsibility for the upbringing of children. The men of today were raised by our mothers and grandmothers, just as the men of tomorrow are the ones we are raising today. Educate inequality and make our children understand that responsibilities must be shared and not assume that each one has a specific role, assuming that this is the way it should always be.
Promoting teamwork is the best way to instill the values of respect, collaboration, responsibility and to understand that we all have rights and obligations.
Once again, the great changes in society commit us to women. Let’s assume that commitment!
What do you think about the distribution of domestic chores? Many women may be interested in this information! Do not stop sharing.