Most of the symptoms associated with menopause actually happen during the perimenopause stage. Some women go through menopause without complications or unpleasant symptoms. But others find menopausal symptoms debilitating, starting even during perimenopause and last for years.
The symptoms experienced by women are mainly related to low production of female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone. Symptoms vary widely because of the many effects these hormones have on the female body.
Estrogen regulates the menstrual cycle and affects the following parts of the body:
Your period may not be as regular as it used to be. You may bleed heavier or lighter than usual, and occasionally spot. In addition, your period may be shorter or longer in duration.
If you lose your period, be sure to verify that it is not a pregnancy. If you are not pregnant, a missed period may indicate the onset of menopause.
2. Out of the ordinary
Many women complain of hot flashes as a symptom of primary menopause. Hot flashes can be a sudden feeling of warmth in the upper or entire body. Your face and neck may turn red, and you may feel sweaty or red.
The intensity of a hot flash can vary from mild to very strong, even waking from sleeping. A hot flash usually lasts between 30 seconds and 10 minutes, according to the National Institute on Aging. Most women experience hot flashes for a year or two after their final menstrual period. Hot flashes may continue after menopause, but they decrease in intensity over time.
Most women have hot flashes during menopause. Call your doctor if your hot flashes affect your life. They may recommend treatment options.
3.Vaginal dryness and pain with intercourse
Decreased production of estrogen and progesterone can affect the thin layer of moisture that lines the vaginal walls. Women may experience vaginal dryness at any age, but it can be a particular problem for women going through menopause.
Signs may include itching around the vulva and stinging or burning. Vaginal dryness can make intercourse painful and may cause you to feel that you need to urinate frequently. To combat dryness, try a water-based lubricant or vaginal humectant.
If you continue to feel discomfort, talk to your doctor. Having sex or other sexual activity involving the female genitalia can increase blood flow to that area. This helps keep the vagina more lubricated and can also prevent the vagina from becoming smaller.
For optimum health, doctors recommend that adults have seven to eight hours of sleep each night. But during menopause it can be difficult for you to fall asleep or fall asleep. You can wake up sooner than you want and have trouble getting back to sleep.
To get the most rest possible, try relaxation and breathing techniques. It is also important to exercise during the day so that you are tired once you hit the sheets. Avoid leaving your computer or cell phone near your bed, as the lights may interrupt your sleep. Bathing, reading or listening to soft music at bedtime can help you relax.
Simple steps to improve sleep hygiene include going to bed at the same time each night, taking steps to stay cool while sleeping, and avoiding sleep-impaired foods and drinks such as chocolate, caffeine, or alcohol.
5. Frequent addiction or urinary incontinence
It is common for women in menopause to lose control of their bladder. You may also feel a constant urge to urinate even without a full bladder, or to experience pain when urinating. This is because during menopause, the tissues of the vagina and urethra lose their elasticity and the lining becomes thinner. The surrounding pelvic muscles may also weaken.
To combat urinary incontinence, abstain from excess alcohol, stay hydrated, and strengthen your pelvic floor with Kegel exercises. If problems persist, ask your doctor what medications are available.
During menopause, some women may experience more urinary tract infections (UTIs). Low estrogen levels and changes in the urinary tract make it more susceptible to infection.
If you feel a persistent urge to urinate, urinate more frequently, or if you feel a burning sensation when urinating, consult your doctor. Your doctor may ask you to have a urine test and give you antibiotics.
7. Decreased libido
It is common to feel less interested in sex during menopause. This is caused by physical changes caused by the reduction of estrogen. These changes may include a delay in clitoral reaction time, a slow or absent orgasmic response and vaginal dryness.
Some women may have more interest in sex as they get older. If your desire decreases related to another problem, such as painful sex, your doctor may prescribe medication to help prevent pain. If the decrease in sexual desire bothers you, talk to your doctor.
8. Vaginal atrophy
Vaginal atrophy is a condition caused by decreased estrogen production and characterized by thinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls. The condition can make intercourse painful for women, which can ultimately decrease their interest in sex. Over-the-counter (OTC) lubricants or prescription treatments that include localized estrogen therapy, such as an estrogen cream or a vaginal ring, can treat the condition.
9. Depression and Mood Swings
Changes in hormone production affect the mood of women during menopause. Some women report feelings of irritability, depression and mood swings, and often go from extreme highs to severe lows in a short period of time. It is important to remember that these hormonal fluctuations affect your brain and that “feeling blue” is not unnatural.
10. Changes in the skin, hair and other tissues
As you get older, you will experience changes in your skin and hair. The loss of fatty tissue and collagen will make your skin drier and thinner, and will affect the elasticity and lubrication of the skin near your vagina and urinary tract. Reduced estrogen can contribute to hair loss or make your hair feel brittle and dry. Be sure to avoid harsh chemical hair treatments, which can cause additional damage.